viernes, 31 de octubre de 2014
Kom el-Nana is an archaeological site near the ancient Egyptian city of Akhet-Aten. It lies south of the city and east of the modern village of el-Hagg Quandil. For a long time its ruins were thought to be those of a Roman military camp, but between 1988 and 2000 Barry Kemp excavated remains of an Amarna period stone temple with garden and subsidiary buildings including a bakery and a brewery. Neither the original name nor the owner of the complex has been identified. It is likely to have been a sun temple and is very similar to Maru-Aten. It consists of a brick enclosure with an area of 228×213 m; it is divided into two unequal parts by an east-west wall. It is likely that pylon gates opened on all four outer walls. Since it stood at a very prominent place – at the southern end of the so-called Royal Road, the main street of Akhet-Aten – it's possibly identical with the sunshade temple of Nefertiti mentioned on the boundary stelae.
In the northern part of the enclosure brick ovens were found, findings suggest a bakery and brewery. Traces of a building (the "northern shrine") were also found. Most of the northern part was overbuilt by a 5th-6th century Christian monastery that reused the original walls, so the southern part, which was not overbuilt, is better preserved; the follosing buildings were excavated:
A stone-floored pylon
The rectangular Southern Pavilion, surrounded by sunken gardens;
A central platform with a building including a columned hall and other rooms
The Southern Shrine, consisting of rooms and a western portico.
In the southeast corner of the southern enclosure stood a group of houses in two sets, with garden plots
This local name is given to an enclosure south of the main city and to the east of the modern village of el-Hagg Qandil, originally built by Akhenaten probably as a sun temple. Between 1988 and 2000 the Egypt Exploration Society excavated key areas as part of an attempt (so far successful) to prevent the site falling under cultivation. Most of the excavations have been filled in.
A single large brick enclosure (228 x 213 metres), its walls reinforced with thick external buttresses, had been divided into two unequal parts by an east–west dividing wall and had been entered by pylon-flanked gateways probably on all four sides. The northern portion had contained a set of parallel brick chambers provided with ovens. Excavated evidence (including pottery bread moulds) suggests a combined brewery and bakery. Beside it a depression in the desert probably marks the presence of a well. Traces were also found of a gypsum foundation for a stone building (the North Shrine).
Sandstone architrave block carved with poorly executed cartouches of Akhenaten
Akhenaten and his mother Tiye. Princess Beketaten in the lower left side.
Amarna tomb of Huya
The royal families of Akhenaten and Amenhotep III. On the left: Akhenaten and Nefertiti with their daughters Meritaten, Meketaten, Ankhesenpaaten and Neferneferuaten; on the right: Amenhotep III and Tiye with their youngest child Beketaten. Amarna tomb of Huya.
and its rock-cut chapel, G7530sub.
Meresankh stands behind her mother.
The daughter has a short black wig encircled by a decorated headband which is fastened at the back with the two ends hanging down. This is an exception in the decoration of this tomb. She also has a choker around her neck, a large necklace, bracelets and anklets. Her long dress, which also has shoulder straps, is elaborately decorated below the breast with a beaded-net pattern. With her right hand she clutches a stem of papyrus and with the left she embraces her mother around her waist.
At the stern, standing behind Meresankh, a boatman steadies the craft with a long black pole, but with his head facing behind him. He wears a white lotus flower around his neck and a white belt from which the end strips of cloth (from the fastening knot) hang down. The prow of the craft penetrates in the undergrowth of papyrus.