domingo, 16 de julio de 2017

Hatshepshut


Tanoutamon et Osiris.

Tanoutamon et Osiris. Chapelle d'Osiris Ptah Neb-ânkh (Cl. K. el-Dowi, J.-Fr. Gout, J. Maucor/CFEETK).
http://www.ifao.egnet.net/archeologie/karnak/

tumba de Tutmosis IV, KV 43

tumba de Tutmosis IV, KV 43
Hathor, Lady of the Western Hill with Thutmosis IV
osirisnet.net

Thutmosis IV


Hathor, Mistress of the western desert
- Anubis on his hill
- Hathor, Mistress of Thebes, Lady of the sky, Mistress of the Double Lands
- Osiris-Khentyamentiu
- Hathor, Mistress of Thebes, Lady of the sky, Mistress of the Double Lands (.Notice that the goddess's head had been cut away then it was able to be put back in place.
Underneath the scenes is the same arrangement of of coloured bands.
Eighth king of the 18th Dynasty, Thutmosis IV had a short reign, of about 9 years (approx. 1419-1410 B.C.). He inherited a country of which his two predecessors, his grandfather Thutmosis III and his father Amenhotep II had made a vast soundly controlled empire. The king will break with this warlike tradition while preferring a diplomatic policy of alliance. Thus he will marry a Mitanian princess and found a period of peace with this ancient enemy of Egypt by this marriage.
The king seems to have been more concerned than his predecessors in the question of religion and in particular the relationship between royalty and the solar divinity. It is also thought that he could be a precursor of the renewal of the solar theology which his successors Amenhotep III and Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) would later developed. This wouldn't stop him from being an enthusiastic zealot of Amon, for example, the construction of a columned court in the temple of Karnak.
http://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/pharaons/thoutmosis4/e_thoutmosis4_01.htm

miércoles, 14 de junio de 2017

The Sunshade Chapel of Meritaten from the House-of-Waenre of Akhenaten

The Sunshade Chapel of Meritaten from the House-of-Waenre of Akhenaten

Inbunden, Engelska, 2017-01-
 
 
 
The quartzite architectural block E16230 has been on display in the Penn Museum for 115 years. E16230 is one of the few large architectural pieces in the world surviving from the much-debated reign of the "heretic" king Akhenaten. This block is one of the most historically significant objects on display in the Egyptian galleries, yet it has never been analyzed or published. This volume addresses that glaring gap and provides for the first time a translation and discussion of the important texts on the object, along with analysis of the architectural evidence it provides. The block is part of the once intensely ornamented facade of a solar chapel ("sunshade") dedicated to princess Meritaten, the eldest daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti. The large (1100 kg) block originates in a chapel that was part of a royal ceremonial palace of Akhenaten named Per-Waenre ("the house of the Unique-one-of-Re"). Later, after demolition of the building, the block was reused in the city of Heliopolis as the base for a sphinx of king Merenptah (Dynasty 19). Subsequently the block underwent a final stage of reuse in Cairo in the Islamic Period where it was found ca. 1898 in the Mousky district of central Cairo. Because the block is such a major architectural element it provides considerable detail in the reconstruction of the essential appearance, decoration, and other aspects of the Meritaten sunshade. The volume addresses the significance of the piece and the Meritaten sunshade in the context of Akhenaten's monumental program. Major implications emerge from the analysis of E16230 providing further evidence on the royal women during Akhenaten's reign. The book examines two possibilities for the original location of the Per-Waenre in which the Meritaten sunshade stood. It may be part of a large Amarna Period cult precinct at Heliopolis, which may, like the capital city at Tell el-Amarna, have born the wider name Akhet-Aten, "Horizon of the Aten." Alternatively it could derive from Tell el-Amarna itself, possibly belonging to a hitherto unidentified palatial complex at that site. The book is a contribution to the study of one of the most debated eras of ancient Egyptian history focused on this long-ignored treasure of the Penn Museum's Egyptian collection. University Museum Monograph 144
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