Period:Third Intermediate PeriodDynasty:Dynasty 22Date:ca. 945–715 B.C.Geography:From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif, Tomb MMA 825, MMA excavations, 1929–30Medium:PotteryDimensions:H. 15.5 cm (6 1/8 in); w. 9 cm (3 9/16 in)
Three votive beds (31.3.108, 31.3.109 and a third in Cairo) and a small stela (31.3.110) were excavated in MMA tomb 825 at Deir el Bahri. These are very well-preserved examples of a type of object that appeared only in Thebes between the 22nd and 26th Dynasties. A number of recent studies of the type and of MMA 31.3.108 in particular have revealed much about their significance and about their many interesting implications for understanding non-temple religious practices and artistic provision for the same.
The decoration of these objects includes frontal standing nude females in boats with figureheads like sacred barks, Bes figures, and particular vegetation; some other examples include a kneeling female playing a lute. The decoration carries with it significations for female fertility, conception, and birth. However, it also seems likely that votive beds are associated with the Egyptian New Year festival, and the myth of the return of the absent goddess and the flood. This is indicated, for example, by the crown worn by the female figure, which is one usually worn by Anukis, a goddess linked to the return of the flood. The origin of the particular bed-form and the use of the objects are hardly clear, but based on analysis of find spots it has been suggested that the objects are associated with the coterie of temple women around the god Amun and the God’s Wives.
Relief depicting Ramesses II. Text in cartouche reading 'Lord of the Two Lands, User-maat-ra-setep-n-ra, Lord of the Ascensions, Ramesses'. On reverse are a profile head of the king wearing uraeus and curled wig, plus profile head of a lion in tripartite wig. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: 1279-1212 BC. 19th dynasty. Material Size: limestone, 32 x 9 cms. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/Sold at Christie's, 1998 . Location: 82.
Painting from the Wardian tomb, depicting a saqia ( sakkiyeh ) or water wheel driven by two oxen. Reputedly developed by scientists at the famous Library of Alexandria, the device utilised gears to convert the circular motion of the animals into rotation of the vertically positioned water wheel. Detail. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: Roman Period, probably mid 2nd C AD. Place of Origin: Alexandria. Material Size: Plaster, pigments. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ Graeco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt. Location: 83.
Bronze figure of an oxyrhynchus, the fish said to have eaten the phallus of Osiris when Seth dismembered the god and cast his body in the Nile. The fish, depicted here wearing the uraeus crown and with kneeling votary, was sacred in the town of Oxyrhynchus, capital of the 19th Nome of Upper Egypt. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: Late period c. 6th - 4 th C BC. Material Size: bronze, l = 16 cms. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/Sold at Christie's, 1998 . Location: 49.
Fragment of a polychrome tomb-painting representing Nebamun, standing in a small boat, fowling and fishing in the marshes, his wife stands behind and his daughter sits beneath, he holds a throw-stick in one hand and three decoy herons in the other, his cat is shown catching three of the numerous birds which have been startled from the papyrus-thicket, fish are shown beneath the water-line, eight vertical registers of hieroglyphs remain.
Figure of a seated nobleman. It has been suggested that the prominent ears on figures of this type indicate that the subject was an important official who heard many petitions. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: 12th/early 13th dynasty,1843-1730 BC. Material Size: basalt / H 15 cm. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ Christie's, London . Location: 46.
Figure of the god Horus in his falcon-head aspect, wearing the double crown .Detail. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: Late Period, around 8th C BC. Place of Origin: Delta. Material Size: Cast bronze. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ John Kluge Collection, Virginia . Location: 47.
Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reigns of Senwosret II and III
Wall fragment from the east wall of the main chamber. It is carved in low relief and then painted. The scene shows two male attendants of the deceased bringing up the rear of a procession of dignitaries. The officials, wearing shoulder-length wigs and short kilts, clasp their left hands to their right shoulders in a gesture of respect. Most of the paint remains.
From Deir el-Bersha, tomb 2 (Djehutyhotep II), south wall, bottom register, west end. Excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1947: assigned to the MFA by the government of Egypt. Brought from Harvard Camp in 1947. Harvard University - Museum of Fine Arts Expedition. 1915. (Accession Date: January 1, 1915)
The tomb of Djehutyhotep "Great Chief of the Hare Nome"
On this wall is preserved the representation of a remarkable hunting scene, whose colours have unfortunately disappeared. The master is represented as a large sized heroic figure, sheathed in a tight garment (very different from those found in similar scenes of the New Kingdom), and supported by a long stick . He contemplates the register of hunting in the desert in front of him, filled with animals and men represented a lot smaller than himselfNote the extraordinary diversity of gazelles, antelopes, oryx, buffalo and ibexes, which form the main portion of animals present. But smaller game can also be found, porcupine or hare. A lioness is even represented. Men hunt all this game with bow and arrow, or are shown capturing the wild animals with the lasso. Three of the hunters are named, they represents the sons of Djehutyhotep.
In the last register at the bottom, wild bulls seem to be directed into a kind of enclosure by men wearing in their hair ostrich feathers, like soldiers.
Notice that all these scenes are placed between two great vertical representations of nets, which shows well that the live capture of animals was also an important activity.
By delimiting this scene, which refers to a hostile (the desert) environment and a disorganised (savage animals) environment, these nets also have the major role of magic protection against the forces of disorder, which are thus contained.
The tomb of Djehutyhotep "Great Chief of the Hare Nome"
Wooden model depicting fishing boats from the tomb of Meketre. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: 11th dynasty c.2134-1991 BC. Place of Origin: Deir El-Bahri, tomb of Meketre. Material Size: Wood, h= 55 cm, w = 72 cm, l=173cm. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ Egyptian Museum, Cairo . Location: 40.
Panehesy: a kneeling statue of the overseer of the treasury, Panehesy, who holds between his hands a naos containing the figures of Horus, Osiris and Isis and surmounted by a winged sun-disk. The prenomen of Ramses II is incised on the right shoulder of the statue, and his nomen appears on the left shoulder
Detail of a relief depicting a musicians and acrobats. On major religious holidays all Thebes came alive with music and merrymaking and entertainers performed for the pleasure of the masses. Originally from a sanctuary built by Queen Hatshepsut. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: New Kingdom 18th dynasty c.1475-1468 BC. Place of Origin: From the 3rd Pylon of the Amun Temple at Karnak. Material/ Size: Brown quartzite, H=59 cm. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ Luxor Museum. Location: 76.