lunes, 31 de octubre de 2016

Bronze figure of Bastet



EA25565
Description
Bronze figure of Bastet: this solid cast figure of the goddess Bastet represents her as a woman with cat's head wearing a heavily patterned long garment. Her eyes have gold inlays and her ears are pierced for earrings. Of all the maned lion goddesses who were revered for their ferocity, Bastet alone was later transformed into the less terrible cat. The female cat was particularly noted for her fecundity, and so Bastet was adored as goddess of fertility and, with less obvious logic, of festivity and intoxication. As evidence of her fecundity no less than four kittens sit at her feet. Another perches inside the sistrum or Egyptian rattle, which she carries in her hand to symbolize the other facet of her personality, for it is a musical instrument connected with merrymaking. Originally there were two horizontal rods inside the hoop bearing metal discs intended to make a clashing sound when the instrument was shaken. The face of the goddess Hathor, who was also connected with music, appears on the sistrum's handle. Across her chest Bastet carries an aegis or broad collar, surmounted by a lion goddess' head wearing a sun disc, perhaps representing Bastet herself in her original fierce manifestation. The 'aegis' is probably to be interpreted as the top of the counterpoise to a 'menyet' collar of loosely strung beads, another musical instrument connected with merrymaking; when shaken the beads would clack together. There is a hieroglyphic text around the edges of the plinth, largely eroded or erased.
Late period
Height: 27 centimetres
Width: 8.26 centimetres
Depth: 10.8 centimetres
http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=129398&partId=1

Amuleto-Toeris


Amuleto-Toeris
Inventory number 4439
FAIENCE
E. Schiaparelli, Museo Archeologico di Firenze, Antichità egizie, Roma, 1887, pg 117, n. 958
MUSEO ARCHEOLOGICO NAZIONALE/MUSEO EGIZIO [
globalegyptianmuseum

viernes, 28 de octubre de 2016

Stela of Pepi

Stela of Pepi, chief of the potters; limestone, XVIII century B.C. (~12. dynasty), Saint Petersburg, Russia

Book of the Dead of Irthorru




Museum number
EA10095,1
Description

Book of the Dead of Irthorru; sheet 1; full colour judgement-scene vignette; Hieratic text(one column); plain borders
http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details/collection_image_gallery.aspx?partid=1&assetid=923044001&objectid=114115

Funerary Chest of Irthorru

Funerary Chest of Irthorru

  From Thebes, Egypt
  Late Period, after 664 BC


·      Inside the chest where the canopic jars containing embalmed internal organs

·      The wooden chest or stone chest was then placed in a tomb near the coffin or was placed in a special niche in the burial chamber

·      In Old and Middle Kingdoms the shape of the chest was a simple cubic shape which had flat or arched lids

·      The design of the chest changed at the start of the New Kingdom (1500 BC), the chest imitated the form of a holy place, with cavetto cornice and a leaning roof

·      The Funerary Chest of Irthorru was to small to place canopic jars, so Irthorru internal organs were simply wrapped in linen packages

·      The four sides of the chest are illustrated with scenes and engravings of rebirth and the protection the dead

·      At the front of the chest is a symbolic of the god Osiris

  ·      At the front of the chest is a large size tilt sign, symbolic to the goddess Isis


What does this aretfact tell us about Egyptian society?

The Funerary Chest of Irthorru tells us where the canopic jars of the pharaoh or a member of the pharaoh’s family were placed after their death, and how stones or wooden chests were designed. The canopic jars containing the internal organs were always placed in a stone or wooden chest. The canopic jars containing their organs were removed from the body as a step in mummification. The mummification jars where placed in the chest, as the Egyptians believed they helped preserve the jars. The chest was then often placed in a tomb near the coffin or was placed in a special niche in the burial chamber. In Old and Middle Kingdoms the shape of the chest was of a simple cubic shape, which was designed to have flat or arched lids. However, the design of the chest changed at the start of the New Kingdom (1500 BC), the chest imitated the design of a holy place, with cavetto cornice and a leaning roof.
The British Museum 2015, Funerary chest of Irthorru, British Museum, London, accessed 7 May 2015, <http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/aes/f/funerary_chest_of_irthorru.aspx>

lunes, 24 de octubre de 2016

The Mastaba (G2196) of Iasen




In Giza, the number of statues in the tombs is very variable, including those carved directly in the rupestrian chapel walls, or those brought from outside. Several rock-cut tombs of a large size don't have a carved statue, others, as here, have one in it, yet others, even though they are smaller, can have several.
The statue of Iasen is of human size, of fine workmanship and almost completely undamaged. The character faces forward, his feet close together, his arms hang down the side of his body, each hand tightly holding a roll of cloth. His face is rather round, with a very plain chin, the nose is wide with identifiable nostrils, just like the philtrum (vertical groove joining the nose to the upper lip), his lips have been carefully edged. His eyebrows, originally black, are thick and greatly curved. His head is covered with a curly wig. He is dressed in a loincloth which descends to the level of the knees, with a large triangular front-piece.
The Mastaba (G2196) of Iasen
osirisnet.net




The Mastaba (G2196) of Iasen

Fragment of an anthropoid inner sarcophagus


Fragment of an anthropoid inner sarcophagus
The fragment was part of an anthropoid coffin. It is rectangular and vaulted, it is a part of the right shoulder. Both sides are painted.
On the outside, two vignettes are painted, framed by checkered bands and vertical textcolumns. Along the upper border runs a frieze of interchanging ma'at-feathers and uraei.
The right vignette shows a winged scarab, pushing forth a sky-hieroglyph and a sun disk with two uraei. Between his hind legs is a shen-ring. The scarab is on a bark, flanked by two mummiform snake-headed deities with beards and ma'at-feathers as headdresses.
The left vignette shows the ibis-headed Thoth adoring a winged udjat-eye. An uraeus wearing the Double Crown is suspended from the eye. Thoth holds an ankh-sign; in front of him are food-offerings. The scene is crowned with a row of uraei.
The inside is painted with one scene, showing a mummiform god seated on a decorated throne in a kiosk. The god wears a white mummy-gown with two red ribbons, a long wig and the ceremonial beard. He holds a mace with both hands. The columns of the kiosk are composed of Djed-columns and papyrus columns, on the roof is a uraeus-frieze. Offerings are placed in front of the god, among which a large lotus flower. Above are three empty text columns.
The background colour of the outside of the coffin was yellow, on the inside it was red.
Present location ALLARD PIERSON MUSEUM [06/002] AMSTERDAM
Inventory number APM 8102
Dating 21ST DYNASTY
Archaeological Site UNKNOWN
Category COFFIN/SARCOPHAGUS OF HUMANS
Material WOOD; PLASTER
Technique PAINTED ON STUCCO
Height 31 cm
Width 50 cm
Depth 4.8 cm
Translation
(1) The Osiris, the uab-priest of Amun-Re, king of the gods (...), justified; may they give offerings
(2) for ever, ointment, alabaster, clothing, oxen, fowl, incense and offerings.
(3-4) Words to be spoken by Thoth, lord of Hermopolis, the writer of truth, turtle, the Great Ennead, enemy.
(5) Hapi
Bibliography•(onbekend), Veilingscatalogus Mak van Waay, Amsterdam, 1936, (nr. 26)
•R.A. Lunsingh Scheurleer, Egypte, geschenk van de Nijl, 1992, 31, 47/fig. 10, 22
•W.M. van Haarlem, CAA Allard Pierson Museum Amsterdam, Fasc. IV, 1997, 17-20
globalegyptianmuseum

Funerary statuette (shabti)

Funerary statuette (shabti)
Green faience shabti with hands joined at the front and details in black: headband, eyes, hoes, basket and vertical frontal hieroglyphic inscription.
Present location MUSEU NACIONAL DE ARQUEOLOGIA [46/003] LISBON
Inventory number E 87 (n. cat. 103)
Dating 3RD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD
Archaeological Site UPPER EGYPT
Category SHABTI
Material POTTERY
Technique BURNED
Height 15 cm
Width 5.1 cm
Translation
Osiris, priest of Amun Djedtotiuefankh.
Bibliography•Antiguidades Egípcias I, Lisboa, 1993
globalegyptianmuseum

Vue générale des blocs et de la porte de Tibère

Vue générale des blocs et de la porte de Tibère.
Situé à 4 km au nord-est de Karnak, le village moderne de Médamoud est en partie implanté sur les kôms de l’antique Madou, la plus septentrionale des villes de Montou. Entre 1925 et 1932, puis en 1938-1939 l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale du Caire y mena des fouilles à la demande de Georges Bénédite pour le compte du musée du Louvre. Fernand Bisson de la Roque dégagea successivement le grand temple gréco-romain et les aménagements qui s’y rattachent, sur les restes des temples du Moyen et du Nouvel Empire ainsi que deux églises et des quartiers d’habitation d’époques hellénistique et romaine. Étienne Drioton, Jacques Jean Clère, Rémy Cottevielle-Giraudet, Clément Robichon et Alexandre Varille collaborèrent à ces travaux et aux volumes de Rapports préliminaires publiées dans FIFAO III/1-IX/1,3, XIII; RAPH 11).
http://www.ifao.egnet.net/archeologie/medamoud/

The Mastaba (G2196) of Iasen




This East wall is on the left on entry and extends to the entry of the serdab, which is located at the east end of the south wall. This east wall measures 3.60m long because it extends into the entrance doorway. The decoration includes, on the left, three superimposed registers showing different animals on parade, heading south. On the right-hand side of the wall, occupying the full height of three registers, is Iasen facing left, followed by his wife, Meretites, and preceded by his (assumed) son, Meryankh.

osirisnet.net




The Mastaba (G2196) of Iasen






Model coffin

Model coffin
A miniature rectangular wooden coffin with vaulted lid and projecting end boards. It belongs to the 'seal bearer of the king and high steward, Nemtyemweskhet'. The wood was covered with a thick layer of fine plaster and painted yellow with the signs and eye-panel in blue. The coffin originally contained a shabti figure and acted as a dummy burial in a cenotaph tomb at Abydos, since presumably Nemtyemweskhet was actually buried near to the king. The only decoration on the coffin is a tiny eye panel within a rectangular frame.
Present location LIVERPOOL MUSEUM [03/061] LIVERPOOL
Inventory number 55.82.114
Dating 13TH DYNASTY
Archaeological Site ABYDOS
Category SHABTI COFFIN
Material WOOD; PLASTER
Technique PAINTED ON STUCCO
Height 11.7 cm
Width 12.1 cm
Bibliography•Piotr Bienkowski and Angela Tooley., Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum., 1995., 71; pl.108
globalegyptianmuseum

domingo, 23 de octubre de 2016

Caja de madera pintada

Caja de madera pintada utilizada para contener vísceras
Ptolemaica
Museo egipcio de Barcelona

Coffin


Coffin
Period:Middle KingdomDynasty:Dynasty 13Date:ca. 1802–1640 B.C.Geography:From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif, East of Pabasa and north of Padiamenemopet, MMA excavations, 1919–20Medium:Sycomore wood, paintDimensions:Coffin box: L. 196 cm (77 3/16 in); W. 48 cm (18 7/8 in); H. 60 cm (23 5/8 in) Lid: L. 177 cm (69 11/16 in); W. 45 cm (17 11/16 in); H. 15 cm (5 7/8 in)Credit Line:Rogers Fund, 1932
http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/555869

 Like the other black-painted coffins in gallery 109, this one has bands of inscription containing spells from the Coffin texts. In the texts, a word meaning "whoever" appears in place of the coffin's eventual owner. The Horus eyes at the head end of the left side are enclosed in a panel with a cavetto cornice on top and a false door appears in the decorative polychrome dado along the bottom of the coffin box. A woman with upraised arms appears at the head and the foot of the coffin. These probably represent the goddesses Isis and Nephthys.

Coffin of Isetirdis



Coffin of Isetirdis
Period:Late Period, SaiteDynasty:Dynasty 26Date:664–525 B.C.Geography:From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif, East of Pabasa - radim, Embalmer's Cache F, MMA excavations 1918–19Medium:Wood, gesso, paintDimensions:L. 180 cm (70 7/8 in); W. 50 cm (19 11/16 in); H. 42 cm (16 9/16 in)Credit Line:Rogers Fund, 1930
http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/552523

Rishi coffin



Rishi coffin
Period:Second Intermediate Period–Early New KingdomDynasty:Dynasty 17–18Date:ca. 1580–1479 B.C.Geography:From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif, East of Pabasa, Radim, Burial B 28 (?), MMA excavations, 1918–19Medium:Sycomore wood, stucco, paintDimensions:L. 192 cm (75 9/16 in); W. 53 cm (20 7/8 in); H. 53 cm (20 7/8 in)Credit Line:Rogers Fund, 1930
http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/555885

The Tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amen.

Carter, Howard und A.C. Mace
The Tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amen. Discovered by the Late Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter. With 104 (and 153) illustrations from photographs by Harry Burton (of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York).
London, New York, Toronto and Melbourne, Cassell and Company Ltd.,, 1923. 2 Bände: XXIII, 231 S. u. LXXIX Tafeln,.XXXIV, 277 S. u. LXXXVIII Tafeln. Tafeln mit photographischen Illustrationen. Brauner geprägter Olwd.

1923 und 1927( first published). ( Kapitale, Gelenke und Ecken berieben und zerschlissen, Besitzerstempel auf Vorsätzen und Titelblatt, Vorsätze, Schnitt und Buchblock gebräunt, eine Fototafel lose) [Beide Bände Erstausgabe, ein dritter Band erschien 1933.] [ Beide Bände haben ein Besitzer exlibris, das von Alfred Mahlau für Hans und Auguste Kröger entworfen und gestaltet wurde und im Stock mit AM 1933 gekennzeichnet wurde]
Ich versende mit der Deutschen Post (Büchersendung) und der DHL (Pakete). Die Lieferzeit ist abhängig von der Versandart und beträgt innerhalb Deutschlands 3-5 Tage, in der EU 5 - 14 Tage.

Model ankh

Model ankh
 
 
 
Middle Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 12
Date:
ca. 1981–1802 B.C.
Geography:
Probably from Egypt, Middle Egypt, Meir (Mir), Tomb of Ukhhotep or Hapiankhtifi
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
l. 15.8 x w. 16 cm (6 1/4 x 6 5/16 in.)
 
 http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/546309
 
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1912

Inner coffin of Nesmutaatneru






Inner coffin of Nesmutaatneru
Egyptian
Late Period, Dynasty 25
760–660 B.C.
Findspot: Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahari, Temple of Hatshepsut, TG 875
Dimensions
Length: 169 cm (66 9/16 in.)
Beautifully preserved coffin of the mummy of Nesmutaatneru (see 95.1407a). The coffin, of a type that replaced cartonnage cases, takes the form of a mummified body standing on a pedestal and supported in back by a djed-pillar, the hieroglyph for stability and emblem of Osiris. The decoration is brightly painted on a layer of plastered linen. Nesmutaatneru wears a vulture headdress over a long wig, an elaborate broad collar, and a ram-headed pectoral. The body is divided by bands of hieroglyphic text into compartments containing images of deities associated with the afterlife. In the central scene, the deceased lies on a bier surrounded by Isis and Nephthys and surmounted by a winged scarab representing Khepri.
Provenance
From Thebes, Deir el-Bahari, temple of Hatshepsut. 1895: excavated by Edouard Naville for the Egypt Exploration Fund; assigned to the Egypt Exploration Fund by the government of Egypt; 1895: given to the MFA by the Egypt Exploration Fund. (Accession Date: January 1, 1895)
Credit Line
Egypt Exploration Fund by subscription
http://www.mfa.org/collections/object/inner-coffin-of-nesmutaatneru-132440

Inner coffin of Khonsu


Inner coffin of Khonsu
Period: New Kingdom, Ramesside
Dynasty: Dynasty 19
Reign: reign of Ramesses II
Date: ca. 1279–1213 B.C.
Geography: From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Medina, Tomb of Sennedjem (TT 1), Egyptian Antiquities Service/Maspero excavations, 1885–86
Medium: Wood, gesso, paint
Dimensions: h. 188 cm (74 in)
Credit Line: Funds from various donors, 1886
Accession Number: 86.1.2a, b
Description
Khonsu's anthropoid coffins, New Kingdom, reign of Ramesses II, ca. 1279–1213 B.C.
Egyptian; From the tomb of Sennedjem, Deir el-Medina, western Thebes
Gessoed and painted wood; H. of taller coffin 78 3/4 in. (200 cm)
Funds from various donors, 1886 (86.1.1,.2)
Khonsu's coffins are decorated with images of various gods and goddesses as well as those of Khonsu and his wife Tameket. The outer coffin depicts Khonsu wearing the curving false beard of Osiris, god of the afterlife. The inner coffin shows him wearing the elaborate wig and short beard that were fashionable during his life.
Period:New Kingdom, RamessideDynasty:Dynasty 19Reign:reign of Ramesses IIDate:ca. 1279–1213 B.C.Geography:From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Medina, Tomb of Sennedjem (TT 1), Egyptian Antiquities Service/Maspero excavations, 1885–86Medium:Wood, gesso, paintDimensions:h. 188 cm (74 in)Credit Line:Funds from various donors, 1886Accession Number:86.1.2a, b
 
 http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/86.1.2a/
 

viernes, 21 de octubre de 2016

A red granite block

A red granite block depicting foreign towns captured during the reign of Ramesses II. They are: Iter (in Nubia), Meshwesh (a Libyan ethnic group), and Keshkesh (a town on southern coast of the Black Sea). Originally from Bubastis, 19th dynasty, circa 1250 BC. EA 1104.

A limestone "pair statue" of Queens Hetepheres II and Meresankh III

A limestone "pair statue" of Queens Hetepheres II and Meresankh III. Hetepheres II was the mother of Meresankh III, and in this statue embraces her daughter, who predeceased her. Found in Meresankh III's tomb, originally from Giza (tomb G 7530-7540), from the 4th dynasty, circa 2630-2524 BC. Museum Expedition 30.1456. If born late of King Sneferu-(reign: 2613-2589 BC), or Khufu-(2589-2566), then the years may be 2590s-80s down to the ca 2524 BC

martes, 18 de octubre de 2016

Bigeh

Bigeh island ruins in the Old Aswan Dam reservoir



View of the Island of Philae with Isis Temple and Trajan's Kiosk, in the Nile, Nubia. Island of Bigeh and its ruins in foreground. 1838 painting by David Roberts.




Philae island seen from Biga island, Nubia, engraving from Panorama of Egypt and Nubia, 1841, by Hector Horeau (1801-1872)

 
 
 
 
 
 

lunes, 17 de octubre de 2016

Coffin of Nakhtkhnum

Coffin of Nakhtkhnum
Period:Middle KingdomDynasty:Dynasty 13Date:ca. 1802–1640 B.C.Geography:From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Meir (Mir), Khashaba excavationsMedium:Wood, paintDimensions:L. 207.5 cm (81 11/16 in); W. 51.8 cm (20 3/8 in); H. 68 cm (26 3/4 in)Credit Line:Rogers Fund, 1915Accession Number:15.2.2a, b
The brilliantly painted exterior of the coffin of Khnumnakht, an individual unknown except for his name, displays the multiplicity of texts and decorative panels characteristic of coffin decoration in the late Middle Kingdom. It has at least one feature—the figure of the goddess on the head end—that is rare before the late Middle Kingdom. The figures and hieroglyphs have been drawn by the confident hand of a skilled artist and each hieroglyph has been carefully painted in the prescribed manner of the time and place in which the coffin was made.
On the left side of the coffin box there is an architectural façade with a small doorway in the center at the bottom. This is the equivalent of the Old Kingdom false door, which allowed the spirit of the deceased to move between the land of the dead and the land of the living. In this case, it is painted to resemble two wooden door leaves secured with two door bolts. Above the door are two eyes that look forth into the land of the living. The face of the mummy would have been directly behind this panel. The rest of the exterior is inscribed with invocations to, and recitations by, various primeval deities, particularly those associated with death and rebirth, such as Osiris, foremost god of the dead, and Anubis, god of embalming.
http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544326

Khonsu's anthropoid coffins

Khonsu's anthropoid coffins
Period: New Kingdom, Ramesside
Dynasty: Dynasty 19
Reign: reign of Ramesses II
Date: ca. 1279–1213 B.C.
Geography: From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Medina, Tomb of Sennedjem (TT 1), Egyptian Antiquities Service/Maspero excavations, 1885–86
Medium: Wood, gesso, paint, varnish
Dimensions: H of taller coffin: 200 cm (78 3/4 in)
Credit Line: Funds from various donors, 1886
Accession Number: 86.1.1–.2-related
Description
Khonsu's coffins are decorated with images of various gods and goddesses as well as those of Khonsu and his wife Tameket. The outer coffin depicts Khonsu wearing the curving false beard of Osiris, god of the afterlife. The inner coffin shows him wearing the elaborate wig and short beard that were fashionable during his life.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/86.1.1,.2/

Sarcophagus of Pabasa

The Sarcophagus of Pabasa in the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, Scotland

The lid of the coffin of Queen Ahhotep.

The lid of the coffin of Queen Ahhotep. She is depicted wearing a heavy wig which culminates in curls, each with a blue circle in the centre. Her eyes are marked in white alabaster and the irises in obsidian. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: 18th Dynasty, reign of Ahmose, 1550 - 1525 BC. Place of Origin: Dra Abu el-Naga. Material/ Size: Wood, gold leaf, alabaster and obsidian, H= 212 cm. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Location: 39